Research Papers

The Effect of Expansions in Maternity Leave Coverage on Children’s Long-Term Outcomes

By Christian Dustmann and Uta Schönberg

 

Many countries currently discuss a possible expansion of maternity leave coverage. Those who support such reforms claim that longer maternity leave has positive effects on children. New research by IZA fellows Dustmann and Schönberg ( University College London), published by IZA and the Anglo-German Foundation, analyses the long-term impact of several expansions in leave coverage in Germany. The study shows that the reforms had only a very small impact on children’s educational and labour market success.

 

July 2008

 

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Revisiting the German Wage Structur

By Christian Dustmann, Johannes Ludsteck and Uta Schönberg

 

In Germany, wage inequality has been rising since the late 1970s. Throughout the 1980s, all workers experienced a real wage growth, but wages grew substantially faster for workers at the top of the wage distribution. In contrast, in the 1990s and early 2000s, i.e. after reunification, real wages continued to rise at the top, but started to decline for low income groups. These are the findings of a recent study conducted by IZA Research Fellows Christian Dustmann and Uta Schönberg in cooperation with Johannes Ludsteck from the IAB, funded by the Anglo-German Foundation and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. The study suggests that the rise in inequality among high wage earners is primarily due to technological change, whereas the real wage losses of low wage earners are partly due to a decline in union coverage. These findings are relevant in the light of the current debate on the minimum wage.

 

July 2007

 

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  • For a free download of the research paper (756 KB) please click here
  • For the related media coverage please here

More Publications within the Programme Projects


Arntz, Melanie (2005): The Geographical Mobility of Unemployed Workers –
Evidence from West Germany, ZEW Discussion Paper No. 05-034


Carlin, Wendy, David Soskice (2009): A Macro-Micro Perspective of Inequality
and Political Institutions in Germany and the UK, in: Christian Dustmann,
Stephen Machin, David Soskice (eds.), The (New) Politics of Inequality and
Education


Dustmann, Christian, Johannes Ludsteck, Uta Schönberg (2007): Revisiting the
German Wage Structure, forthcoming in The Quarterly Journal of Economics.
To download the paper please click here


Dustmann, Christian, Stephen Machin, Uta Schönberg (2009): Changes in Labour
Market Inequality: The Contrasting Experiences of Germany and the UK, in:
Christian Dustmann, Stephen Machin, David Soskice (eds.), The (New) Politics of
Inequality and Education


Dustmann, Christian, Stephen Machin, David Soskice (2009): The Politics of
Education and Inequality, in: Christian Dustmann, Stephen Machin, David
Soskice (eds.), The (New) Politics of Inequality and Education


Dustmann, Christian, Paul Ryan, Uta Schönberg (2009): Apprentice training and
employer commitment: economics and institutions, in: Christian Dustmann,
Stephen Machin, David Soskice (eds.), The (New) Politics of Inequality and
Education.
To download the paper please click here


Dustmann, Christian, Uta Schönberg (2007): Apprenticeship Training and
Commitment to Training Provision, mimeo, University College London


Dustmann, Christian, Uta Schönberg (2008): Training and Union Wages,
forthcoming in Review of Economics and Statistics

 

Dustmann, Christian, Uta Schönberg (2008): The Effect of Expansions in
Maternity Leave Coverage on Children’s Long-Term Outcomes, mimeo,
University College London


Entorf, Horst (2009): Migrants at School: Social Interaction Models on
Educational Inequality


Entorf, Horst (2009): Report on negative consequences of regional mobility


Entorf, Horst, Martina Lauk (2008): Peer Effects, Social Multipliers and Migrants
at School: An International Comparison, forthcoming in Journal of Ethnic and
Migration Studies
To download the paper please click here


Hancké, Robert The Missing Link: Labour, inflation and EMU, manuscript in
progress (Oct 08), planned completion date first draft Jan 2009


Hancké, Robert, Alison Johnston (2009): Trade unions, central banks and wage
shares, in: Christian Dustmann, Stephen Machin, David Soskice (eds.), The (New)
Politics of Inequality and Education


Hancké, Robert, Alison Johnston (2009): The evolution of the wage share in
Germany and the UK, in: Christian Dustmann, Stephen Machin, David Soskice
(eds.), The (New) Politics of Inequality and Education


Hussain, Iftikhar, Sandra McNally, Shqiponja Telhaj (2008): University Quality
and Graduate Wages in the UK, mimeo, London School of Economics


Iversen, Torben, David Soskice (2009): Electoral Systems, Political Coalitions,
and the Comparative Re-configuration of Inequality in Germany and the UK, in:
Christian Dustmann, Stephen Machin, David Soskice (eds.), The (New) Politics of
Inequality and Education

 

Kessing, S.G. and K. A. Konrad (2008), Time Consistency and Bureaucratic Budget Competition, (forthcoming in The Economic Journal, 2008)
To download the paper please click here


Alison Johnston & Bob Hancké, ‘Wage inflation and labour unions in EMU’,
submitted after R&R to Journal of European Public Policy.


Konrad, Kai A., Sebastian G. Kessing (2008): Time Consistency and Bureaucratic
Budget Competition, The Economic Journal 118, 1-15


Konrad, Kai A., Kjell Erik Lommerud (2008): Love and Taxes – and Matching
Institutions,Discussion Paper SP II 2008 – 04, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin


Konrad, Kai A., Salmai Qari (2008): Patriotism and Tax Compliance, mimeo,
Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin


Machin. S. (2008) ‘An Appraisal of Economic Research on Changes in Wage
Inequality’, Labour, 22, 7-26 (2008) [Keynote talk from 2007 Association of
Italian Labour Economists Conference]


Machin, Stephen, Sandra McNally (2008): The Three Rs: The Scope for Literacy
and Numeracy Policies to Raise Achievement, mimeo, University College London


Machin, Stephen, Sandra McNally (2009): Literacy and Numeracy Skills, in:
Christian Dustmann, Stephen Machin, David Soskice (eds.), The (New) Politics of
Inequality and Education


Maurin, Eric, Sandra McNally (2007): Educational Effects of Widening Access to
the Academic Track: A Natural Experiment, IZA Discussion Paper No. 2596
To download the paper please click here


Maurin, Eric, Sandra McNally (2008): The Consequences of Ability Tracking for
Future Outcomes and Social Mobility, mimeo, London School of Economics


Maurin, Eric, Sandra McNally, Andrea M. Mühlenweg (2009): Educational
Tracking, in: Christian Dustmann, Stephen Machin, David Soskice (eds.), The
(New) Politics of Inequality and Education


Mühlenweg, Andrea M. (2007): Educational Effects of Early or Later Secondary
School Tracking in Germany, ZEW Discussion Paper No. 07-079


Mühlenweg, Andrea M. (2008): Educational Effects of Alternative Secondary
School Tracking Regimes in Germany, Schmollers Jahrbuch (Journal of Applied
Social Science Studies) 128, 1-29


Myck, Michal, Richard Ochmann, Salmai Qari (2008): Dynamics of Earnings and
Hourly Wages in Germany, IZA Discussion Paper No. 3751


Puhani, Patrick A., Andrea M. Mühlenweg (2007): Persistence of the School
Entry Age Effect in a System of Flexible Tracking, IZA Discussion Paper No.
2965, resubmitted to Journal of Human Resources
To download the paper please click here


Puhani, Patrick A., Andrea M. Mühlenweg (2009): Age at School Entry –
Comparing the UK and Germany, The (New) Politics of Inequality and Education


Puhani, Patrick A., Andrea M. Weber (2007): Does the early bird catch the worm?
Empirical Economics 32, 359-386
To download the paper please click here


Radyakin, Sergiy (2007): Instrumental variable analysis of the quantity-quality
trade-off in German children’s educational achievement, mimeo, University of
Hannover
To download the paper please click here


Soskice, David, Robert Hancké (2009): ADD TITLE, in: Christian Dustmann,
Stephen Machin, David Soskice (eds.), The (New) Politics of Inequality and
Education


Weber, Andrea M. (2007): An Evaluation of Single and Mixed Gender Computer
Science Classes, University of Hannover Discussion Paper No. 369
To download the paper please click here

 

Weber A. M. (2006), Educational Effects of Alternative Secondary School Tracking Regimes in Germany, University of Hannover Discussion Paper No. 353
To download the paper please click here