Re-framing of Childcare in Germany and England
From a private responsibility to an economic necessity
By Anneli Rüling, University of Goettingen, Sociology Institute
In both Germany and England a process of re-framing the political discourses around
childcare for infants (0–3 years) can be seen in the last 10 years. In this paper, this re-framing process is analysed using the example of the political debates around the introduction of two central pieces of legislation on the expansion of childcare for this age group: the Tagesbetreuungsausbaugesetz (TAG) (2004) in Germany and the Childcare Bill (2005) in England. While family policy and childcare have been considered ‘soft’ topics in both countries, childcare has been re-framed as a ‘hard’ economic issue in both England and Germany during the period analysed. However, as the comparison shows, this re-framing takes place in the context of specific welfare state traditions.
More Thatcherite Than Ever
Why New Labour Can Cut Benefits
By Peter Taylor-Gooby, University of Kent
The U.K. government’s plans to end incapacity benefit for all but the most disabled people and make the unemployed work for their benefits are a major departure from traditional Labour policies. It is not often recognised how far British public opinion has shifted towards a liberal individualist stance on social issues in recent years.
More Publications, Presentations and Books within the Programme Projects:
Family policy in focus
M. Seeleib-Kaiser / T. Fleckenstein (forthcoming): The Political Economy of Occupational Family Policies: Comparing Workplaces in Britain and Germany. British Journal of Industrial Relations. >>>
A. Rüling (2008): The gateway of education and famliy policy. Intermediate report: Paradigmatic shift in the political discourses on childcare for children under the age of three? A comparative study of recent political discourses in England and Germany. >>>
M. Daly (2007): Supporting Parents in Europe, presentation to EUROCHILD Seminar Children in Northern Ireland, Belfast, 26-27 April 2007.
M. Daly (2007): European Developments in Regard to Families and Children, keynote presentation to annual meeting of Parenting Forum Northern Ireland, Belfast, 15 October 2007.
S. Leitner (2007): Local Pacts for the Family: Expanding Child Care by Renewing Local Governance? Presentation at the conference Governance and Local Social Policy, University of Hamburg, 2-3 March 2007.
A. Rüling (2007): The Gateway of Family and Education Policy. Poster presentation at the conference Governance and Local Social Policy, University of Hamburg, 2-3 March 2007.
A. Rüling (2007): Traditionalisation traps in German Family Policy: Experiences of shared parenting German couples. Presentation at the International Conference Engendering Polity and Politics: International comparative challenges and perspectives, Manchester University, 21-22 June 2007.
M. Seeleib-Kaiser (2007): Welfare State Transformations in Comparative Perspective: Shifting Boundaries of Public and Private Social Policy? Political Studies Association, Annual Conference, Bath University, 12 April 2007.
M. Seeleib-Kaiser (2007): Family Policies in Britain and Germany Innovative Ways of Coping with Old and New Challenges: Enterprises as Actors of Family Policy? Presentation at the Mid-Term Conference of the Anglo-German Foundation Conference on Creating Sustainable Growth in Europe, Berlin, Nov. 29-30, 2007. >>>
Martin Seeleib-Kaiser (2007): Family Policies in Britain and Germany. Innovative Ways of Coping with Old and New Challenges: Enterprises as Actors of Family Policy? Paper prepared for presentation at the Mid-Term Conference of the Anglo-German Foundation Conference on Creating Sustainable Growth in Europe, Berlin, Nov. 29-30, 2007. >>>
Within the area of the project
M. Daly (ed.) (2007) Parenting in Contemporary Europe: A positive approach, Strasbourg: Council of Europe.
I. Boelcke, A.-K. Jüttner, A. Kabisch, S. Leitner, A.-S. Palandt and J. Reinke (2008) Vereinbarkeit von Familie und Beruf in Göttingen Ergebnisse aus einem Lehrforschungsprojekt in Zusammenarbeit mit dem lokalen Bündnis für Familie, in: Theorie und Praxis der sozialen Arbeit 2008 (1).
S. Leitner (2007): Vorfahrt für Familie? Zur Familienpolitik der großen Koalition in Deutschland, in: Intervention 4 (1), 22-27.
S. Leitner (2008): Zur ökonomischen (Dys-)Funktionalität der Familienpolitik, in: A. Evers and R. Heinze (eds.), Sozialpolitik: Ökonomisierung und Entgrenzung. Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag.
S. Leitner, I. Ostner and C. Schmitt (2008): Family Policies in Germany, in: I. Ostner and C. Schmitt (eds.), Family Policies in the Context of Family Change. The Nordic Countries in Comparative Perspective. Zeitschrift für Familienforschung Sonderheft Bd. 6.
A. Rüling (2007): Vereinbarkeit von Familie und Beruf und die Gleichstellung der Geschlechter im europäischen Vergleich, WSI-Mitteilungen, No. 10, 538-545.
A. Rüling / K. Kassner (2007): Familienpolitik aus der Gleichstellungsperpektive. Ein europäischer Vergleich. Eine Expertise im Auftrag der Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Forum Politik und Gesellschaft, Berlin.
S. Leitner (2006): Zur ökonomischen (Dys-)Funktionalität von Familienpolitik, Presentation at the Annual Conference of the German Sociological Association, University of Kassel, 13 October 2006.
M. Seeleib-Kaiser, T. Fleckenstein, A. Saunders (2007): Varieties of Capitalism and Converging Family Policies: Comparing Britain and Germany since the 1990s.
Presentation at the 2007 SASE Annual Meeting, 28-30 June 2007, Copenhagen.
M. Seeleib-Kaiser, T. Fleckenstein, A. Saunders (2007): Varieties of Capitalism and Converging Family Policies: Comparing Britain and Germany since the 1990s. Poster Presentation at the 2007 APSA Annual Meeting, 30 August 2 September, Chicago.
The gateway of family and education policy
P. Bridgen / T. Meyer (2009, forthcoming): The politics of occupational pension reform in Britain and the Netherlands: the power of market discipline in liberal and corporatist regimes. West European Politics 32.
T. Meyer / P. Bridgen (2008): Class, Gender and Chance: the social division of welfare and occupational pensions in the United Kingdom. Ageing and Society 28. >>>
P. Bridgen / T. Meyer (2008): Politically dominant but socially flawed: projected pension levels for citizens at risk in six European multi-pillar pensions systems. In: Seeleib-Kaiser, M. (ed.): Welfare State Transformations: Comparative Perspectives. London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
P. Bridgen / T. Meyer (2008): Non-state actors and changing pension regimes: Britain and Germany compared. Paper to be presented as part of the Panel Labor Markets and Social Protection in Europe at the Council for European Studies Annual Conference in Chicago.
P. Bridgen / T. Meyer (2007): The new pensions orthodoxy and citizens at risk. Paper presented at the ESPAnet Annual Conference, Vienna. Also presented at the British Social Policy Association Conference, Birmingham, July 2007; and to be presented as invited paper at the departmental seminar of Social and Policy Science, University of Bath, December 2007.
P. Bridgen / T. Meyer (2007): Unlikely Alliances in liberal regimes: employers, occupational welfare and the state. Paper presented at the ESPAnet Annual Conference, Vienna (to be submitted to comparative academic journal in December 2007).
M. Willert (2007): Privatisierung der Alterssicherung in Deutschland und Großbritannien: Wandel wohlfahrtsstaatlicher Stratifizierung? Presentation at Tagung der DVPW-Sektion Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft, Ad hoc Gruppe ,Vergleichende Wohlfahrtsstaatsforschung et al. Delmenhorst.
M. Willert (2007): Alterssicherung von Frauen ein europäischer Vergleich, Presentations at Conference Old age pensions in comparative perspective, held by the Deutsche Rentenversicherung Bund, Erkner.
M. Willert (2007): Individualisierung der Alterssicherung in Deutschland?, Presentation at 3rd Ver.di-Conference on Womens Old age protection, Berlin.
M. Willert (2007): Die Auswirkungen der Rentenpolitik auf die soziale Sicherung der Frauen im europäischen Vergleich. Annual summit of Fachausschuss Sozialpolitik des Deutschen LandFrauenverbandes.
Within the area of the project:
T. Meyer / P. Bridgen / B. Riedmüller (eds) (2007): Private Pensions versus Social Inclusion? Non-state Arrangements for Citizens at Risk in Europe. Edward Elgar.
Enterprises as actors of family policy
S. Mau / C. Burkhardt (2009, forthcoming): Migration and Welfare State Solidarity in Western Europe. In: Journal of European Social Policy.
S. Mau / C. Burkhardt (2009, forthcoming): Ethnische Diversität und wohlfahrtspolitische Legitimation in Europa. In: Obinger, Herbert; Rieger, Elmar (ed.) Wohlfahrtsstaatlichkeit in entwickelten Demokratien. Herausforderungen, Reformen, Perspektiven. Frankfurt/New York: Campus.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2009): Reframing Social Citizenship, Oxford University Press, Oxford. This book draws on AGF project research in chapters 1, 2, and 8.
P. Taylor-Gooby / L. Mitton (2009): Much noise, little progress: the UK experience of privatisation. In: Social Policy Puzzles: Reconsidering the Public-Private Dichotomy for Health and Pension Policies, D. Béland / B. Gran (eds). Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2008, 147-68. This paper draws on AGF and ESRC research.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2009): Social Investment in Europe. In: Social Investment and the Future of Social Policy in Korea, Yeon-Myung Kim (ed and translator), Sharing House Nanum Press. This paper draws on AGF and other research.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2009): The Future of the European Social Model. In: Social Europe, Paul Hunter (ed) Smith Institute, London. This paper draws on AGF and other research.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2009): European Welfare Reforms: The Social Investment Welfare State. In: Social Policy at a Crossroad, Sang-Hyop Lee, Andrew Mason, and Kwangeon Sul (eds), KDI Press, Seoul. This paper draws on AGF and other research.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2009): The new regulatory state in the UK. In: Regulating the Welfare State, Lutz Leisering and Deborah Mabbett (eds), Palgrave, Basingstoke, 2009. This paper draws on AGF and other research.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2008): The New Welfare Settlement in Europe. European Societies 10 (1) 3-24. Also published in The Italian Journal of Social Policy (La Rivista delle Politiche Sociali), 2009 forthcoming. This paper draws on AGF and ESRC research.
Steffen Mau / Christoph Burkhardt (2008): Solidarität wird an Gegenleistung geknüpft - Zur Inklusionsbereitschaft der Deutschen gegenüber Zuwanderern. In: Informationsdienst Soziale Indikatoren (ISI), 39, 12-15. >>>
Peter Taylor-Gooby / Rosemary Martin (2008): Sympathy for the poor, or why New Labour does good by stealth. In: British Social Attitudes: the 24th Report, Alison Park et al. (eds) Natcen, London.
Steffen Mau (2008): Migration and welfare state solidarity. International and Interdisciplinary Seminars, Graduate School in Social, Economic & Political Sciences, Università degli studi di Milano, April 18th, 2008.
Steffen Mau (2007): Ethnic diversity and welfare state solidarity in Europe. AGF midpoint Conference 2007, 29 - 30 November, Berlin.
S. Mau (2007): Ethnic diversity and welfare state solidarity in Europe. Paper prepared for the AGF midpoint Conference 2007 29 - 30 November, Berlin. >>>
S. Mau (2007): Mitgliedschaftsräume, wohlfahrtsstaatliche Solidarität und Migration. Workshop Metamorphosen des Wohlfahrtsstaates. Interessen und Institutionen, Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES), March 1st/2nd 2007.
S. Mau (2007): Challenging Boundaries: Immigration and the Welfare State in Europe. 3rd ESPAnet Summer School The Territorial Dimension of Social Policies, 10 - 15 September, University of Urbino.
S. Mau / C. Burkhardt (2007): Ethnic heterogenization and welfare state solidarity in Europe. ESPAnet Conference 2007, 20 - 22 September, Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration, Austria.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2007): How would you convince an economist that rational actor policies destroy social cohesion? Invited keynote address, Social Policy Association annual conference, Birmingham, 23 July 2007.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2007): Trust and welfare state reform: practical gains versus political sustainability. Voluntary Social Services Network, University of Birmingham, 28 November 2007.
Comparative paper based on findings from focus groups in the UK and Germany on social investment as a new key theme of welfare state reforms and how this is evaluated by the public.
Comparative paper based on qualitative findings from focus groups in the UK and Germany on migration and ethnic diversity and the impact of ethnic heterogeneity on social justice attitudes.
Within the area of the project:
S. Mau / B. Veghte (eds.) (2007): Justice, Legitimacy, and the Welfare State. London: Ashgate.
S. Liebig / S. Mau (2007): When is a taxation system just? Attitudes towards general taxation principles and towards the justice of ones own tax burden. In S. Mau / B. Veghte (eds.): Justice, Legitimacy, and the Welfare State. London: Ashgate.
S. Mau / B. Veghte (2007): Introduction: social justice, legitimacy and the welfare state. In S. Mau / B. Veghte (eds.): Justice, Legitimacy, and the Welfare State. London: Ashgate.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2007): Social policy as social investment. In J. Midgely (ed.): Issues on Developmental Social Policy in China. Beijing: Chinese Labour and Social Security Publishing House.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2008): Choice and values: individualized rational action and social goals. Journal of Social Policy 37(2) 1-19.
P. Taylor-Gooby (forthcoming): Prevention and integration: rational actors and state welfare. International Journal on Social Quality.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2008): Trust and welfare state reform: the example of the NHS. Social Policy and Administration 42(3).
C. Burkhardt (2008): Migration and Welfare State Solidarity in Europe. The 2008 Ratio Colloquium 'The Economics and Politics of Institutional Change', August 2123, Stockholm, Sweden.
S. Mau / C. Burkhardt (2008): Wir ohne sie? Zuwanderung und die Ressourcen wohlfahrtsstaatlicher Solidarität. Zonen der (Un-)Sicherheit - Wohlfahrtsstaat - Migration. Plenum der Sektionen Migration und ethnische Minderheiten, Soziale Ungleichheit und Sozialstrukturanalyse, Sozialpolitik. 34. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie. Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, October 6-10.
S. Mau / C. Burkhardt (2009): Challenges of Ethnic Diversity. Results from a qualitative study. Final conference of the Anglo-German Foundation research programme 'Sustainable welfare and sustainable growth towards a new social settlement in Germany and the United Kingdom?', 3-4 April 2009, University of Edinburgh, UK.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2009): Political Legitimacy and the New Welfare Citizenship. SPA Annual Conference, University of Edinburgh, 29 June.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2009): Fairness and Equality in Germany and the UK. AGF Programme Final Conference, University of Edinburgh, 3 April.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2009): Welfare state and Political Legitimacy. University of Nottingham, 4 March.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2009): Fairness and Equality in Germany and the UK, University of Oxford, 3 March.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2009): Gaining Public Trust in Social Policy. Central Policy Unit, Hong Kong, 5 January.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2009): Current developments in European Social Policy. Civil Service Training and Development Institute, Hong Kong. 8 January.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2007): Framing choices and governing risks. Sociology of Risk and Uncertainty Group, University of Glasgow, 4 September 2007.
P. Taylor-Gooby (2007): Social risks and the logic of welfare state reform. SCARR conference on Risk and Rationalities, Queens College Cambridge, 29 March 2007.