Research Papers

Structure and Function of Environmental Industry.

The Hidden Contribution to Sustainable Growth in Europe

By Martin Jänicke und Roland Zieschank


The study focuses on the 'eco-industries', their function, structure and dynamics in Germany and Europe. It describes two types of environmental industry: a more traditional type, involving ‘end-of-pipe’ technology or 'pollution management', and a newer, fast-growing type based on eco-efficiency or 'resource management'. The study gives a general explanation for this rapid growth and argues that  eco-efficient innovation of this kind is essential for sustainable industrial growth. The authors demonstrate  that the size of this industry has been underestimated – not least because its dynamism makes measurement difficult – it is a moving target. This is one reason why it remains a largely 'invisible industry'.

September 2008


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  • More Publications within the Work Packages:

    Work package 1
    The link between resource use, economic performance and environmental quality


    Agnolucci, P. (2008) The Energy Demand In The British And German Industrial Sectors: Heterogeneity And Common Factors, Energy Economics (in press) [pdf, abstract only] >>>


    Agnolucci, P. Venn, A. (2008) Industrial Energy Intensities in the UK: Is there a deterministic or stochastic difference among sectors?, Applied Economics (in press) [pdf, abstract only] >>>


    Jänicke, M., Zieschank, R. (2008) Structure and Function of the Environmental Industry: The Hidden Contribution to Sustainable Growth in Europe [pdf] >>>


    Jänicke, M. (2009) Zauberwort „Öko-Effizienz“ (The magic word: 'eco-efficiency'), campus.leben, 13 February 2009 >>>
    'Eco-Efficiency' is an important strategy for ecological modernisation. Sustainable growth needs new environmental industries, not only for pollution management, but more and more for reducing material and energy flows. (In German)


    Jungnitz, A. (2008) Decomposition Analysis of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Energy and Material Inputs in Germany [pdf] >>>


    Wiebe, K. (2009) Resource Productivity and Economic Performance: An Analysis for Germany [pdf] (revised version) >>>



    Work package 2
    The resource and labour impacts of European ETRs to date


    Agnolucci, P. (2008) The Effect of the German and British Environmental Taxation Reforms: a Simple Assessment, Energy Policy, in press [pdf, abstract only] >>>



    Work package 3
    Modelling the single-country, European and global economic and environmental effects of different ETR regimes


    Barker, T., Meyer, B., Pollitt, H., Lutz, C. (2007) Modelling Environmental Tax Reform in Germany and the United Kingdom with E3ME and GINFORS [pdf] >>>


    Meyer, B., Lutz, C. (2007) The GINFORS Model: Model Overview and Evaluation [pdf] >>>


    Pollitt, H., Chewpreecha, U., Summerton, P. (2007) E3ME: An Energy–Environment–Economy Model for Europe [pdf] >>>


    Pollitt, H. (2007) Extending E3ME to include analysis of material flows [pdf] >>>



    Work package 4
    Implications for Central and Eastern European Countries


    Speck, S. (2007) Differences in Environmental Tax Reforms (ETR) between CEEC and Germany/UK [pdf], paper presented to the AGF Mid-Term Conference, Berlin, November 2007; see: paper >>> and outline of paper >>>


    Vojácek, O. & Klusák, J. (2007) ‘Environmental Tax Reform – Qualitative Research in the Czech Republic’. In: ŠAUER, Petr (ed.). Environmental Economics, Policy and International Relations. Prague: Nakladatelství a vydavatelství litomyšlského semináre, pp. 62–70. ISBN 978-80-86709-11-6; see: paper >>>



    Work package 5
    Global Dimensions of Sustainable Growth in Europe


    Giljum, S., Lutz, C. & Jungnitz, A., Bruckner, M. & Hinterberger, F. (2007) The Global Resource Accounting Model (GRAM). A methodological concept paper, SERI, Vienna & GWS, Osnabrück >>>


    Giljum, S., Lutz, C. & Jungnitz, A. (2008) Quantifying indirect material flows of traded products with a multi-regional environmental input-output model. A methodological concept paper, presented to European Society for Ecological Economics Conference, Leipzig >>>


    Giljum, S., Lutz, C. & Jungnitz, A. (2007) A multi-regional environmental input-output model to quantify embodied material flows, presented to International Input-Output Association conference, Istanbul >>>


    Giljum, S., Lutz, C., Jungnitz, A., Bruckner, M., Hinterberger, F. (2008) Global dimensions of European natural resource use >>>